A transverse (also known as axial or horizontal) plane is an X-Z plane, parallel to the ground, which separates the superior from the inferior, or put another way, the head from the feet.
A coronal (also known as frontal or lateral) plane is a Y-X plane, perpendicular to the ground, which (in humans) separates the anterior from the posterior, the front from the back, the ventral from the dorsal.
A sagittal (also known as anteroposterior) plane is an Y-Z plane, perpendicular to the ground, which separates left from right. The midsagittal plane is the specific sagittal plane that is exactly in the middle of the body.
Body Aspect- Side and Front view
Anterior or Ventral
Anterior (ventral) refers to the ‘front’.
Posterior or Dorsal
Posterior (dorsal) refers to the ‘back’.
Superior means ‘higher’.
Inferior means ‘lower’.
Lateral means ‘ side’.
In proximity to or ‘closer to’.
Distant or further away from.
Medial means ‘middle.’
Prefix Meaning Example
ab- away from abduction
ad- toward adduction
ecto, exo – outside exocrine, ectopic
endo – within endoscopy
epi – upon epidermis
infra – below, under infrastructure
ipsi – same ipsilateral
meso – middle mesoderm
meta – after, beyond, transformation metastasis
peri- surrounding pericardium
retro- behind, back retro version
trans- across, through trans membrane
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