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Appendicular Skeleton

The appendicular skeleton is the part of the human skeleton that includes the arms and hands, legs and feet, the shoulder girdle and the pelvic girdle. The bones of the appendicular skeleton make up the rest of the skeleton, and are so-called because they are appendages of the axial skeleton.

Pectoral girdles

The pectoral or shoulder girdle consists of the scapulae and clavicles. The shoulder girdle connects the bones of the upper limbs to the axial skeleton. These bones also provide attachment for muscles that move the shoulders and upper limbs. It consist

 

Clavicle

 

Scapula

Upper Extremity

The upper limbs include the bones of the arm (humerus), forearm (radius and ulna), wrist, and hand. The only bone of the arm is the humerus, which articulates with the forearm bones–the radius and ulna–at the elbow joint. The ulna is the larger of the two forearm bones.

Humerus

The humerus is the long bone in the upper arm. It is located between the elbow joint and the shoulder. At the elbow, it connects primarily to the ulna, as the forearm’s radial bone connects to the wrist. At the shoulder, the humerus connects to the frame of the body via the glenoid fossa of the scapula.

 

 

 

Radius and Ulna

Carpals

 

Metacarpal & Phalanges

Pelvic girdle

 Femur 

 

Tibia & Fibula

 

 

 

Patella

The patella is a triangular shaped bone that covers and protects the distal surface of the anterior femur.The patella is embedded in the quadriceps tendon, which makes it the largest sesamoid (tendon embedded) bone in the body.

 

 

 

Tarsals, Metatarsals & Phalanges

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