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Surgical Procedure Term for Integumentary System

Adjacent Tissue Transfer :- An Adjacent Tissue Transfer is a medical procedure wherein flat sections of healthy skin and other tissues are transferred or transplanted to the area adjacent to a skin defect. These sections of tissue are called local flaps and are used to cover up defects or lesions on the surface of the skin. This procedure, which can be performed on any part of the body, including the trunk, scalp, arms, and legs, promises better cosmetic results because the donor skin and the skin immediately surrounding the wound or lesion have the same features.

Biopsy :- A doctor removes a sample of tissue or cells to be examined by a pathologist, usually under a microscope. A pathologist is a specialist who is trained to examine a sample of tissue for signs and extent of disease under a microscope.

Debridement :- Debridement is the process of removing dead (necrotic) tissue or foreign material from and around a wound to expose healthy tissue.

Excision :- Surgical excision is the removal of tissue using a sharp knife (scalpel) or other cutting instrument.

Incision :- A cut or wound of body tissue made especially in surgery.

Incision and drainage :- Incision and drainage are minor surgical procedures to release pus or pressure built up under the skin, such as from an abscess, boil, or infected paranasal sinus.

Mastectomy Procedures :- Mastectomy is the removal of the breast.

Mohs Micrographic surgery :- Mohs surgery is a precise surgical technique used to treat skin cancer. During Mohs surgery, thin layers of cancer-containing skin are progressively removed and examined until only cancer-free tissue remains. Mohs surgery is also known as Mohs micrographic surgery.

Paring and cutting :- Paring or cutting of benign hyperkeratotic lesions, such as corn or callus, is the primary treatment or removal method for skin defects caused by the thickening of the stratum corneum or the outermost layer of the epidermis.

Shaving :- Shaving is multiple horizontal cuts with a sharp razor to excise the growth. A skin growth that suspects a growth may be cancerous.

Skin Flap :- A skin flap is healthy skin and tissue that is partly detached and moved to cover a nearby wound. A skin flap may contain skin and fat, or skin, fat, and muscle. Often, a skin flap is still attached to its original site at one end and remains connected to a blood vessel.

Skin Graft :- Skin grafting is a surgical procedure that involves removing the skin from one area of the body and moving it, or transplanting it, to a different area of the body. This surgery may be done if a part of your body has lost its protective covering of skin due to burns, injury, or illness.

Repair :- Restoration of diseased or damaged tissues naturally, by healing processes, or artificially, as by surgical means.

Nail Avulsion :- Nail avulsion, the separation of the nail plate from the surrounding structures, is the most frequently performed surgical or nonsurgical, chemical procedure on the nail unit. It may either be useful to explore the nail unit for diagnostic purposes or as a therapeutic tool in particular nail pathologies. Nail avulsion may be accomplished using either a distal or a proximal anatomical approach. The former is the most frequently used technique, in which the nail plate is released from its attachment from the nail bed at the hyponychium.

Wedge resection :- Wedge resection is a surgical procedure to remove a triangle-shaped slice of tissue. It may be used to remove a tumor or some other type of tissue that requires removal and typically includes a small amount of normal tissue around it.


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