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-stomy: Surgical Procedure Dictionary

stomy

-stomy is used as suffix and meaning “A new opening”.

Gastrointestinal

  • Gastrostomy:  An artificial external opening into the stomach for nutritional support or gastric decompression.
    • Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy: An endoscopic medical procedure in which a tube (PEG tube) is passed into a patient’s stomach through the abdominal wall, most commonly to provide a means of feeding when oral intake is not adequate.
  • Gastroduodenostomy: A surgical procedure where the doctor creates a new connection between the stomach and the duodenum.
  • Gastroenterostomy: Surgical creation of a connection between the stomach and the jejunum.
  • Ileostomy: A stoma constructed by bringing the end or loop of small intestine (the ileum) out onto the surface of the skin, or the surgical procedure which creates this opening.
  • Jejunostomy: An opening through the skin at the front of the abdomen and the wall of the jejunum (part of the small intestine).
  • Colostomy: A surgical procedure in which an opening (stoma) is formed by drawing the healthy end of the large intestine or colon through an incision in the anterior abdominal wall and suturing it into place.
  • Cholecystostomy: stoma is created in the gallbladder, which can facilitate placement of a tube for drainage.
  • Hepatoportoenterostomy:  A surgical treatment performed on infants with biliary atresia to allow for bile drainage.

Urogenital

  • Nephrostomy: An artificial opening created between the kidney and the skin which allows for the urinary diversion directly from the upper part of the urinary system (renal pelvis).
  • Ureterostomy: A stoma for a ureter or kidney.
  • Cystostomy:
    • Suprapubic cystostomy: A surgically created connection between the urinary bladder and the skin used to drain urine from the bladder
  • Urostomy: A surgical procedure that creates a stoma (artificial opening) for the urinary system. 

Nervous system

  • Ventriculostomy: A neurosurgical procedure that involves creating a hole within a cerebral ventricle for drainage.

Eye

  • Dacryocystorhinostomy: A surgical procedure to restore the flow of tears into the nose from the lacrimal sac when the nasolacrimal duct does not function.
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